Valledupar is a city and municipality in northeastern Colombia. It is the capital of Cesar Department and was founded in 1550 by the Spanish conquistador Hernando de Santana. Its name, Valle de Upar (Valley of Upar), was established in honor of the Amerindian cacique who ruled the valley; Cacique Upar. The city lies between the mountains of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Serrania del Perija to the borders of the Guatapurí and Cesar rivers. Valledupar is an important agricultural, cattle raising, and agro-industrial center for the region between the Departments of Cesar and southern municipalities of La Guajira Department, formerly known as the Padilla Province. Valledupar is notable as the cradle of vallenato music, representative of the Colombian culture. The city hosts the Vallenato Legend Festival. During the 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s, the city suffered during the Colombian Armed Conflict, with numerous kidnappings, thousands of people forced out and failure to control crime, especially attacks on journalists. Valledupar has one of Colombia's most modern maximum security prisons.
Valledupar is a city located on the north coast of Colombia. It has no direct access to the sea, but it has an impressive historical legacy, which manifests itself in churches and in nearby indigenous communities with which travelers can come into contact. In Valledupar, the sounds of vallenato music, which are paid tribute to various monuments, make the atmosphere brighter. In the surroundings it is possible to visit marshes, rivers, parks and other natural sites, as well as a unique local cuisine in the region. It is known for being the heart of vallenato, a musical rhythm through which popular legends and myths are told. Touring the city under the shade of thousands of mango trees, bathing in the river, enjoying a night out with friends, are plans that make Valledupar a different city from the rest of the Caribbean Coast.